Triennial Torah Portion

Seeking the Faith Once Delivered to the Saints leads one to begin studying the Scriptures the way they did during the 1st Centuryclick here.

{{+Note: A lot of the research shared in this study comes from the work of Greg Killian. For further research see his study  Septennial (Shmita – שמיטה) Torah Cycle }}

In the 1st Century believers met in synagogues and read the Torah portions.  In the 1st century in Palestine, believers went through the Torah once in 3 years (3 1/2 years).

James Fausset Brown dictionary
The government of the church evidently came from the synagogue not from the Aaronic priesthood. So also did the worship; with the addition of the new doctrines, the gifts of the Spirit, and the supper of the Lord; fixed liturgical forms, creeds, as the shema, “Hear O Israel,” etc. (Deu_6:4), and “prayers”, the kadish, shemoneh ‘esreh, berachoth; (compare brief creeds, 1Ti_3:16; 2Ti_1:13, the “Lord’s prayer” (Luke 11), the “order” (1Co_14:40);) the teaching out of the law, which was read in a cycle, once through in three years.
The prophets were similarly read as second lessons; the exposition (derash) or “word of exhortation” followed (Act_13:15; Act_15:21). The psalms were selected to suit “the special times”; “the times of prayer” (shacharit, minchah, ‘arabit) were the “third”, “sixth”, and “ninth” hours (Act_3:1; Act_10:3; Act_10:9);

ISBE
That the synagogue was, in the time of our Lord, one of the most important religious institutions of the Jews is clear from the fact that it was thought to have been instituted by Moses (Apion, ii, 17; Philo, De Vita Moses, iii. 27; compare Targum Jer to Exo_18:20).

Reading of the Law and the Prophets.
After prayers the pārāshāh, i.e. the pericope from the Law for that Sabbath, was read, and the interpreter translated verse by verse into Aramaic (Meghillāh 3 3). The whole Pentateuch was divided into 154 pericopes, so that in the course of 3 years it was read through in order. After the reading of the Law came the Haphṭārāh, the pericope from the Prophets for that Sabbath, which the interpreter did not necessarily translate verse by verse, but in paragraphs of 3 verses (Meghillāh).

The Sermon.
After the reading from the Law and the Prophets followed the sermon, which was originally an exposition of the Law, but which in process of time assumed a more devotional character. Anyone in the congregation might be asked by the ruler to preach, or might ask the ruler for permission to preach.

Act 13:14  But going through from Perga, they came to Antioch-Pisidia, and going into the synagogue on the day of the sabbaths, they sat down.

Act 13:15  And after the reading of the Law, and of the Prophets, the synagogue rulers sent to them, saying, Men, brothers, if there is a word of exhortation to the people, speak.

According to tradition, the reading of portions of the Torah was given to us by Moses. The Midrash speaks of this.

“Midrash Tanhuma Yelammedenu on Shemot (Exodus)  30:1-38 R. Simeon the son of Lakish, R. Akiba, and R. Simeon the son of Yohai said: His disciples do not permit him to sleep undisturbed in his grave, as it is said: Moving gently the lips of those that are asleep (Song 7:10). Hence, The satiety of the rich will not suffer him to sleep. Similarly, Moses taught the Torah to the Israelites, trained them in the observance of the Law, arranged the order of the chapters of the Torah, and assigned the chapters to be read each Sabbath, on Rosh Chodesh, and on the holy days. And they call him to mind as they read each Torah portion.”

This is not proof that Moses did in fact divide the Torah into “Torah portions” but it does go to show that believers around the time period of the Messiah believed the Torah portions were “divinely” guided as Moses received revelation directly from God.

Triennial/Septennial Cycle

Triennial Torah portion read in Israel
Megillah 29b— Yes, for the people of Palestine, who complete the reading of the Pentateuch in three years.

Gaon- Chiluf Minhagim Bein Benei Eretz Israel U-vein Benei Bavel
The inhabitants of Babylonia observe Simchat Torah annually…The inhabitants of Eretz Yisrael celebrate Simchat Torah only every three and a half years…

According to the Mishna in Taanit 4:3 the first portion of Bereshit (Genesis) was Bereshit 1:1 – 2:3. (This matches the Septennial cycle, but does not match the annual cycle).

“As late as 1170 CE we have reports that Jews in Egypt were still using the Septennial cycle having been forced out of Israel by the first crusade. Most of our Septennial cycle knowledge comes from Egypt which was the last major bastion of the Septennial cycle. Binyamin of Tudela penned the following words in his book Itinerary:

There [in Cairo] were two synagogues, one for those from Israel and one for those from Babylonia… They observed different customs with regard to the reading of the portions in the Torah. The communities from Babylonia read a portion each week, as they do in Spain, thus completing the Torah each year. But the communities of Israel do not follow this practice. Rather, they divide each portion into three sections and finish the Torah every three years. There is among them a custom to join all together and pray on the day of Simchat Torah and on the day of Matan Torah.”

The Rambam briefly mentions the Septennial cycle in Mishneh Torah Hilchot[21] Tefilah 13:1-5.

The Jewish Encyclopedia, under the heading “Triennial Cycle”, speaks about the number of sedarim:

“The Masoretic divisions known as “sedarim” and variously indicated in the text, number 154 in the Pentateuch, and probably correspond, therefore, to the Sabbath lessons of the triennial system, as was first surmised by Rapoport (“Halikot Ḳedem,” p. 11). The number varies, however, so that Menahem Me’iri reckoned 161 divisions, corresponding to the greatest number of Sabbaths possible in three years; the Yemen grammars and scrolls of the Pentateuch enumerate 167 and the tractate Soferim (xvi. 10) gives the number as 175 (comp. Yer. Shab. i. 1). It is possible that this last division corresponds to a further development by which the whole of the Pentateuch was read twice in seven years, or once in three and a half years.”

The Jewish Encyclopedia (Bereshit Rabbah, By : Marcus Jastrow J. Theodor) says:

“The principle of division followed in the parashiyot of the Bereshit Rabbah was evidently that of the Biblical text itself as fixed at the time of the compilation of this Midrash, in accordance with the “open” (פתוחות) and “closed” (סתומות) paragraphs of Genesis. There are separate parashiyot, portions, in the Midrash to almost all these sections as they are still found in Genesis, with the exception of the genealogical passages. But there are parashiyot that bear evidences of relation to the pericopes (“sedarim”) of the Palestinian triennial cycle, and a careful investigation of these may lead to the discovery of an arrangement of sedarim different from that heretofore known from old registers. However, there are parashiyot, as mentioned above, especially in the beginning of the Midrash, in which only one or a few verses at a time are expounded. The sedarim of the customary one-year cycle are not regarded at all in the divisions of the Bereshit Rabbah, neither are they marked in the best manuscripts or in the editio princeps of the Midrash; the parashiyot, therefore, can not be regarded as mere subdivisions of the sedarim, as which they appear in later editions of this Midrash.”

Haftarah & Ashlamata

The Abudraham (R. David Abudraham, 14th c. Spain) explains the origin of the Haftorah:

Why do we read from the Neviim? Since there was a decree against Israel preventing them from reading from the Torah, corresponding to the seven who would come up to read from the Torah – and no one reads fewer than three verses per Aliyah – they ordained that 21 verses from the Neviim should be read… (This approach can also be found in Tosafot Yom Tov, Megillah 3:4 – he cites the Sefer haTishbi who maintains that the aforementioned decree was passed by the wicked Antiochus Epiphanes IV).

The term haftarah was chosen by the Babylonian schools as a designation for the reading from the Prophets, in the annual cycle. The Palestinian term for the reading from the Prophets, of the triennial cycle, was ashlamata, apparently meaning “that which finishes the readings” or “that which completes the Torah.”

The Haftorah (literally means “conclusion”, referring to the placement of this reading at the end of the reading of the Torah) reading is chosen based on word associations in the Torah reading.

Psalms

The Septennial Torah cycle is also expounded by the Psalms. As there are five books of the Torah, so there are five books of Psalms. The middle of the Torah is denoted by a large letter, so the middle of Psalms is denoted by a large letter.  There are scores of connections between the Psalms and the Torah portions which points to the Psalms being and “exposition” of the Torah parshot.

If the Psalms are indeed an “exposition of the Torah portions, this would mean that King David wrote the first “commentary” on the triennial cycle when He composed the 150 Psalms.

“The triennial cycle is prophetic in that it is prophesy about things to come. This is why they are arranged chronologically. This is why Melech David cared about the triennial cycle; it is the cycle of kings who need to understand the future in order to rule properly.”  {Greg Killian}

“As Moses gave five books of laws to Israel, so David gave five books of Psalms to Israel, The Book of Psalms entitled Blessed is the man (Ps. 1:1), the Book entitled For the leader: Maschil (Psalm 42:1), the Book, A Psalm of Asaph (Ps. 73:1), the book, A prayer of Moses (Ps. 90:1), and the Book, Let the redeemed of the LORD say (Ps. 107:2).”

Or, as the Jewish Encyclopedia[14] states, under the heading of Psalms:

“The richest in content and the most precious of the three large Ketubim (Ber. 57a), the Sefer Tehillim is regarded as a second Pentateuch, whose virtual composer was David, often likened to Moses (Midrash Tehillim, ch. i.).

“Moses gave [Israel] the five books of the Torah, and to correspond with them, David gave them the Sefer Tehillim, in which also there are five books” (ibid.).”

In other words, each of the Psalms is a meditation on a certain “reading portion” (Hebrew: Seder) of the Torah. Or, as Rabbi Scheinerman puts it[15]:

“There is further evidence that the Sefer Tehillim was divided not only into “books” corresponding to those of the Torah, but into sidrot (portions) as is the Torah, but we know of no institution of public reading.”

Messiah in the Torah Portions

In the book of Acts we see the precedent set that the Torah portions are used to exhort the people but most importantly, to teach them about Messiah.

Act 13:14  But going through from Perga, they came to Antioch-Pisidia, and going into the synagogue on the day of the sabbaths, they sat down.

Act 13:15  And after the reading of the Law, and of the Prophets, the synagogue rulers sent to them, saying, Men, brothers, if there is a word of exhortation to the people, speak.

Act 13:16  And rising up, and signaling with his hand, Paul said, Men, Israelites, and the ones fearing God, listen.
Act 13:17  The God of this people Israel chose out our fathers, and exalted the people in their stay in the land of Egypt. And with a high arm, He led them out of it.
Act 13:18  And as forty years time passed, He tenderly bore them in the wilderness.
Deut. 1:31
Act 13:19  And He pulled down seven nations in Canaan land, and gave their land to them as an inheritance. Deut. 7:1
Act 13:20  And after these things, as four hundred and fifty years passed, He gave judges until Samuel the prophet.
Act 13:21  And from there they asked for a king. And God gave Saul the son of Kish to them, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, for forty years.
Act 13:22  And removing him, He raised up to them David for a king, to whom He also said, witnessing, “I found David” the son of Jesse “to be a man according to My own heart, who will do all My will.”
1 Samuel 13:14; Psa. 89:20; LXX-Isa. 44:28
Act 13:23  Of the seed of this one, according to promise, God raised up to Israel a Savior, Jesus;
Act 13:24  John going before to proclaim before the face of His entrance a baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel.
Act 13:25  And as John fulfilled the course, he said, Whom do you suppose me to be? I am not He, but, behold, “He comes after me, of whom I am not worthy to loosen the sandal of His feet.”
John 1:27
Act 13:26  Men, brothers, sons of the race of Abraham, and the ones among you fearing God, to you the Word of this salvation was sent.
Act 13:27  For those dwelling in Jerusalem, and their rulers, not having known this One, and the voices of the prophets being read throughout every sabbath, condemning Him, they fulfilled the Scriptures.
Act 13:28  And finding not one cause of death, they asked Pilate to do away with Him.
Act 13:29  And when they finished all the things having been written concerning Him, taking Him down from the tree, they laid Him in a tomb.
Act 13:30  But God raised Him from the dead;
Act 13:31  who appeared for many days to those coming up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are witnesses of Him to the people.
Act 13:32  And we preach the gospel to you, the promise made to the fathers,
Act 13:33  that this God has fulfilled to us, their children, raising up Jesus; as also it has been written in the second Psalm, “You are My Son, today I have begotten You.”
Psa. 2:7
Act 13:34  And that He raised Him from the dead, no more being about to return to corruption, so He has said, “I will give You” “the holy things of faithful David.” Isa. 55:3
Act 13:35  So He also said in another, “You will not give Your Holy One to see corruption.” LXX-Psa. 15:10; MT-Psa. 16:10
Act 13:36  For having served his own generation by the counsel of God, David truly fell asleep and was added to his fathers and saw corruption. 1 Kg. 2:10
Act 13:37  But He whom God raised up, this One did not see corruption.
Act 13:38  Then let it be known to you, men, brothers, that through this One remission of sin is announced to you.
Act 13:39  And everyone believing in this One is justified from all things which you could not be justified by the Law of Moses.
Act 13:40  Then watch that the thing spoken in the Prophets may not come on you:
Act 13:41  “Behold, you despisers,” “and marvel,” “and perish, because I work a work in your days,” a work which you would “in no way believe if anyone declares it to you.”
Hab. 1:5
Act 13:42  But the Jews having gone out of the synagogue, the nations begged that these words be spoken to them on the next sabbath.

The Messiah is revealed from the TaNaKH in a step by step method. The Torah portions are a part of these steps or “paths of righteousness” (Sabbaths, new moons, feasts etc.) which are used to bring forth the Truth and to separate our incorrect notions about the Word.
Psa 23:3  He restores my soul; He guides me in paths* of righteousness for His name’s sake.
H4570
מעגּלה  /  מעגּל
ma‛gâl  /  ma‛gâlâh
BDB Definition:
1) entrenchment, track

This word comes from the root עגּל ‘agal’ which means round or a bullock as in a bullock circling around in play.  Ma’gal literally means the trench made from the wheels of carts that are pulled by oxen to tread grain, thus making trenches or ruts.

The word for “midrash”, which is applied to discussing the Scriptures after the Torah portion was read which was done in the 1st century {Acts 13:15}, comes from the root דרש ‘drash’ which means to thresh.  Grains were placed on the threshing floor where they were trampled on and beaten in order to separate the hulls from the grain.

This describes the purpose of the Torah portions.  They are cyclical, keeping us in “ruts of righteousness” and helping us to continue walking in the Word and threshing the correct meaning of the text by comparing spiritual things with spiritual things (1 Corinthians 2:13).  They help us to rely on the Word for meaning instead of sermons from men.

Act 9:22  But Saul was more filled with power, and he confounded the Jews living in Damascus, proving* that this One is the Christ.
G4822
συμβιβάζω
sumbibazō
Thayer Definition:
1) to cause to coalesce, to join together, put together
1a) to unite or knit together: in affection
2) to put together in one’s mind
2a) to compare
2b) to gather, conclude, consider
3) to cause a person to unite with one in a conclusion or come to the same opinion, to prove, demonstrate
3a) to teach, instruct, one
Part of Speech: verb
A Related Word by Thayer’s/Strong’s Number: from G4862 and bibazo (to force, causative [by reduplication] of the base of G939)<–stepping with the foot

The meaning of the above where Paul proves Messiah from the Scriptures is by joining together Scriptures step by step unit together the meaning.

Paul’s custom was to go into synagogues on the Sabbath days, when the Torah portions were read and to show Messiah to those in the synagogue in that Torah portion.

Act 17:2  And according to Paul’s custom, he went in to them and reasoned with them from the Scriptures on three sabbaths,
Act 17:3  opening and setting forth that the Christ must have suffered, and to have risen from the dead, and that this is the Christ, Jesus, whom I announce to you.
Act 17:4  And some of them were persuaded and joined themselves to Paul and Silas, both a great multitude of the worshiping Greeks, and not a few of the leading women.
Act 28:23  And having appointed him a day, more came to him in the lodging, to whom he expounded, earnestly testifying the kingdom of God and persuading them the things concerning Jesus, both from the Law of Moses and the Prophets, from morning until evening.


Messiah Yahshua/Jesus taught that the TaNaKH was written about Himself.  His custom was to teach in the synagogues each sabbath as well.  I have no doubt that He used the Torah portions to teach the people of Himself.

Luk 4:16  And He came to Nazareth where He was brought up. And as was His custom, He went in on the day of the sabbaths, into the synagogue, and He stood up to read.

Luk 24:44  And He said to them, These are the Words which I spoke to you yet being with you, that all the things must be fulfilled having been written in the Law of Moses, and the Prophets, and the Psalms, concerning Me.
Luk 24:45  Then He opened up their mind to understand the Scriptures,
Luk 24:46  and said to them, So it is written, and so the Christ must suffer, and to rise from the dead the third day.

Luk 24:47  And repentance and remission of sins must be preached on His name to all the nations, beginning from Jerusalem.
Joh 5:45  Do not think that I will accuse you to the Father; there is one accusing you, Moses, in whom you have hoped.
Joh 5:46  For if you were believing Moses, you would then believe Me; for that one wrote concerning Me.
Joh 5:47  But if you do not believe his writings, how will you believe My Words?

Dung

“The motto of all true servants of God must be, ‘We preach Christ; and him crucified.’ A sermon without Christ in it is like a loaf of bread without any flour in it.

No Christ in your sermon, sir? Then go home, and never preach again until you have something worth preaching.”  {Charles Spurgeon}

The Torah portions (and every other exposition/commentary of Scripture) is naught without Yahshua/Jesus as the focus.

Php 3:8 Yea doubtless, and I count all things but loss for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus my Lord: for whom I have suffered the loss of all things, and do count them but dung, that I may win Christ,
Php 3:9 And be found in him, not having mine own righteousness, which is of the law, but that which is through the faith of Christ, the righteousness which is of God by faith:
Php 3:10 That I may know him, and the power of his resurrection, and the fellowship of his sufferings, being made conformable unto his death;
Php 3:11 If by any means I might attain unto the resurrection of the dead.

A lot of congregations & movements go down the wrong path when they take their eyes of of Yahshua/Jesus and get focused on other things (even if they are Biblically based). Our Bible interpretations/discussions are not always negative but are dung in comparison to knowing Him. However, dung is spread upon ground as manure to help seed grow. Our Bible interpretations/discussions/sermons should help the Seed/Word (who is Messiah) grow in our hearts otherwise they are worthless.
The Hebrew word for dung is פרש ‘parash’ which is the root of the word פרשה ‘parsha’ (as in the Torah parshot/portion) as a ‘parsha’ is a “spreading” out of an event/Scripture portion as dung is spread in a field.  Scripture alludes to the meeting together of believers whose focus is not on Messiah {ie. the Name/Character of God} (Malachi 2:3) and calls these feasts dung.  The purpose of the feasts/sabbaths is to reveal Messiah (Colossians 2:17).

If our interpretations and discussions of the Word don’t draw one closer to Messiah (the Word made flesh) then they are fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil which is the origin of idolatry.

Interestingly, in Deuteronomy 29:17, the word idol has a footnote in the 1611 KJV of “dungy gods”. This is because the word in Hebrew is גללול ‘gillul’ which is speaking of dung. Perhaps this is why in 2 Kings 10:27 we see the house of Baal being made into a “draught house” by Jehu.

Further connecting this dung-idolatry-tree of knowledge concept is the Hebrew word צפוע ‘tsephua’ which means dung.  The root of this word is צפע ‘tsepha’ which is translated as ‘cockatrice/adder’ in Scripture as the tongue “issues” out of the mouth of a serpent and dung “issues” out via excretion.  In the beginning the “issue” out of the mouth of the serpent was to lead man away from their Creator, who is Messiah (Ephesians 3:9; 1 Corinthians 8:6; John 1:1-3; Colossians 1:12-17; Hebrews 1:1-12).  When we discuss the Scriptures are we bringing forth the poison of the serpent (Psalm 58:3-4; 140:3; Romans 3:13; James 3:8) or are we issuing forth the life giving oracles of God (1 Peter 4:11)?

1Pe 4:11  If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen.

The Lord Yahshua/Jesus warned believers of those who did not bring forth fruit after their “field” was given dung that their “tree” would be cut down (Luke 13:8-9). The “vineyard” that rejects Messiah Yahshua/Jesus and does not bring forth the fruit of His Word/Spirit will be destroyed (Matthew 21:33-43). This was also the warning of John the Baptist (Luke 3:8-9) {“Elijah message”}.  Yet, if we seek His Face at all times (1 Chronicles 16:11) we will see Yahshua/Jesus (Hebrews 1:3; 2 Corinthians 4:4-6) and we will not be unfruitful (2 Peter 1:4-9).

Triennial – Festival Relationship

The following comes from the website messianic.ws.

TRIENNIAL CYCLE CORRESPONDS TO FEASTS
A hint of the miraculous relationship of the Festivals with the Temple Torah Cycle:

(Year #1) Reading #1 (Genesis 1), at the beginning of the Festival Year, is about Beginnings.

At the Feast of Unleavened Bread, we eat the Passover offering on the first night.
(Year 1) Reading #3 for the included Sabbath (Genesis 3) is about the Passover offerings of Cain and Able.
(Year 2) Reading #2 for the previous Sabbath (Exodus 12) is about the Passover in Egypt.
(Year 3) Reading #2 for the previous Sabbath (Numbers 9) is about the Passover at Sinai.

(Year 3) Reading #3 (Numbers 10), for the included Resurrection Shabbat, is about related movement of the Wilderness camp.
(Year 1) Reading #6 (Genesis 8), preceding the week of Yeshua’s ascension, is about the water of life being dried off the face of the earth – for Noah. It is also the Sabbath preceding the date of the flood’s beginning.
(Year 2) Reading #8 (Exodus 19:3), for the Sabbath previous to Yeshua’s ascension, is about Moses going “up to God”.

The Day of Firstfruits / Feast of Pentecost is a rehearsal of Israel’s betrothal to Messiah.
(Year 1) Reading #9 for the previous Sabbath (Genesis 11) is about the confusion of languages at Babel on Pentecost.
(Year 2) Reading #8 for the previous Sabbath (Exodus 19:7-8) is about the giving of the Torah (betrothal contract) on Pentecost.
(Year 3) Reading #8 for the previous Sabbath (Numbers 15) is about bringing the Firstfruits on Pentecost.

The Day of Trumpets is for a rehearsal of:  hearing the last trump (with the shout of the archangel), the return of Yeshua, and the resurrection of the righteous dead.
(Year 1) Reading #25 for the previous Sabbath (Genesis 27) is about the Son coming for the  blessing, and (Psalm 22) about the crucifixion marks that we will see!
(Year 2) Reading #25 for the previous Sabbath (Leviticus 3) relates to the offerings for this Holy Day.
(Year 3) Reading #26 for the Sabbath (Deuteronomy 4): “Hear” and “remember”.

The Day of the Atonements is about purification – Yeshua taking our sins and accounting to us His righteousness.
(Year 1) Reading #26 for the previous Sabbath (Genesis 28:1) is about a pure bride.
(Year 2) Reading #26 for the previous Sabbath (Leviticus 4) is about making atonements.
(Year 3) Reading #27 for the Sabbath (Deuteronomy 5): Giving of Commandments

The Feast of Tabernacles is a week of dwelling (eating and sleeping) in a sukkah, and holding a wedding feast – a great feast (of literal food) to which we invite the poor.
(Year 1) Reading #27 for the previous Sabbath (Genesis 29:22) is about the wedding feast.
(Year 2) Reading #27 for the previous Sabbath (Leviticus 5) relates to the many offerings of this Festival.
(Year 3) Reading #28 for the included Sabbath (Deuteronomy 6-7): A holy people preparing to dwell in the Land.

The Eighth Day Assembly is about Yeshua dwelling eternally with us.
(Year 1) Reading #28 for the previous Sabbath (Genesis 30:20) is about the Groom dwelling with the Bride.
(Year 2) Reading #28 for the previous Sabbath (Leviticus 6) is about the restoration of that which was lost.
(Year 3) Reading #29 for the Sabbath (Deuteronomy 8): Instructions for dwelling in the Land.

Hanukkah is the Feast of Dedication of the Holy Temple.
(Year 2) Reading #37 for the previous Sabbath (Leviticus 16) is about the consecration of the Holy of Holies.

Discipleship

One of the main reasons for studying the Scripture through the Torah portions is to make disciples.

Mat 28:19  Then having gone, disciple all nations, baptizing them into the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,
Mat 28:20  teaching them to observe all things, whatever I commanded you. And, behold, I am with you all the days until the completion of the age. Amen.

The word for Disciple comes from the Hebrew word למוד ‘limmud’ and the Greek word μαθητής ‘mathetes.’

Being a Disciple is a student/one who is learned from the Master.

Isa 54:13  And all thy children shall be taught (DISCIPLED-limmud) of the LORD; and great shall be the peace of thy children.

Disciple
DISCIPLE, n. [L., to learn.]

Disciplina, Disciplinae
N – 1 1 – F -

teaching, instruction, education; training; discipline, method, science;

Teaching in Greek was used to translate numerous Hebrew words.  2 of which are as follows:
G1321 διδάσκω didaskō
01321:
didasko * 00502 alaph pi.
ALAPH  Literally: Yoke abstract: Learn: The yoke of the oxen, the yoke of learning. An older experienced ox is yoked to a younger inexperienced one in order to teach it how to pull a load…Learning through being yoked to the Master (Mtt 11:29)

didasko 06567 parash pu.
PARASH – Spread out: Also to be easily and plainly understood in the sense of being spread out to see.  This is where the word for Torah Portion (parsha) comes from.  It is the spreading out of the Word in order to see it more clearly.  It is how we are to learn and to be discipled.

Neh 8:8  And they read aloud clearly in the Book of the Law of God, and they gave the sense (parash), and caused them to understand the reading.

As said before, a lot of the information in this study came from the following website; his studies are in depth and contain a mass amount of information.

http://www.betemunah.org/

Triennial Torah portion cycles

Year 1

http://messianic.ws/triennial1G.htm

Year 2

http://messianic.ws/triennial2D.htm

Year 3

http://messianic.ws/triennial3B.htm

Another 3 year cycle with different Psalms that line up a little bit better than the above 3.

http://www.betemunah.org/3cycles.html

Triennial Cycle w/out Psalms

http://www.restorah.com/TriennialTorahCycle.pdf

 

Personally, my family and I read through the entire Bible every 3 years as the “Torah” literally means the instructions of God.  I am of the opinion that this means the Torah is Genesis-Revelation not just the 5 books of Moses.

The Scriptures are defined as that which is inspired by God or that which is ‘God-breathed.’

2Ti 3:16  All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:
2Ti 3:17  That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.

His Word is His Torah
Isa 1:10  Hear the word of the LORD, ye rulers of Sodom; give ear unto the law of our God, ye people of Gomorrah.

Isa 5:24  Therefore as the fire devoureth the stubble, and the flame consumeth the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness, and their blossom shall go up as dust: because they have cast away the law of the LORD of hosts, and despised the word of the Holy One of Israel.

Isa 2:2  And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD’S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
Isa 2:3  And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.

The ‘Law’ is His instructions/teachings.

H8451 תּרה  /  תּורה tôrâh
BDB Definition:
1) law, direction, instruction

Exo 24:12  And YHWH said to Moses, Come up to Me to the mountain, and be there. And I will give to you the tablets of stone, and the Law, and the commandments which I have written, to teach them.

Both Law and Teach in the above verse come from the same root word

All of YHWH’s teaching is considered Torah…ALL of the Scriptures.

Paul spoke of the Prophets as Torah
1Co 14:21  It has been written in the Law, “By other languages” and “by other lips” “I will speak to this people,” “and even so they will not hear” Me, says the Lord.

This is referring to Isaiah 28:11-12 {the Prophets}

Isa 28:11  For with stammering lip and other languages, He will speak to this people;
Isa 28:12  to whom He said, This is the rest; cause the weary to rest. Also, This is the repose. But they willed not to hear.

Yahshua/Jesus spoke of the Psalms as Torah
Joh 10:34  Jesus answered them, Has it not been written in your Law, “I said, you are gods”?

This is referring to Psalm 82:6

Psa 82:6  I have said, You are gods, and all of you are sons of the Most High.

So the entire TaNaKH is defined as Torah by the New Testament writings.  The New Testament, which is the teaching of YHWH is considered Torah as well.

The Author of the Scripture is the Holy Spirit

2Ti 3:15  and that from a babe you know the Holy Scriptures, those being able to make you wise to salvation through belief in Christ Jesus.
2Ti 3:16  All Scripture is God-breathed and profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness,
2Ti 3:17  so that the man of God may be perfected, being fully furnished for every good work.

Psalms
Heb 3:7  Because of this, even as the Holy Spirit says, “Today, if you hear His voice,
This is referring to Psalm 95:7

Mat 22:43  He said to them, Then how does David in Spirit call Him Lord, saying,
Mat 22:44  “The Lord said to my Lord, Sit off My right until I should put Your hostile ones as a footstool for Your feet?”

Messiah is referring to Psalm 110

Peter stated that the Holy Spirit was speaking through David as well.
Act 1:16  Men, brothers, it was necessary for this Scripture to be fulfilled which the Holy Spirit spoke before through David’s mouth concerning Judas, the one having become guide to those seizing Jesus;
Act 1:17  for he was numbered with us, and obtained a portion of this ministry.
Act 1:18  Indeed, then, this one bought a field out of the reward of unrighteousness; and falling headlong, he burst in the middle, and poured out all his bowels.
Act 1:19  And it became known to all those living in Jerusalem, so as that field to be called in their own dialect, Akeldama, that is, Field of Blood.
Act 1:20  For it has been written in the scroll of Psalms, Let his estate become forsaken, and he not be living in it. And, “Let another take his overseership.”

LXX-Psa. 68:26; Psa. 108:8; MT-Psa. 69:25; Psa. 109:8
2Pe 1:21  for prophecy was not at any time borne by the will of man, but being borne along by the Holy Spirit, holy men of God spoke.

Book of Isaiah
Act 28:25  And disagreeing with one another, they were let go, Paul saying one word: Well did the Holy Spirit speak through the prophet Isaiah to our fathers,

Book of Jeremiah
Heb 10:15  And the Holy Spirit witnesses to us also. For after having said before,
Heb 10:16  “This is the covenant which I will covenant to them after those days, says the Lord: Giving My Laws on their hearts, and I will write them on their minds;”
Heb 10:17  also He adds, “I will not at all still remember their sins” and their lawlessnesses. MT-Jer. 31:33, 34

The Word comes forth from the Prophets

Dan 9:10  We have not obeyed the voice of the Lord our God, to walk in His laws which he set before us by His servants the prophets.

2Ki 17:13  And YHWH testified against Israel, and against Judah, by the hand of all His prophets, and every seer, saying, Turn back from your evil ways, and keep My commands, My statutes, according to all the Law that I commanded your fathers, and that I sent to you by the hand of My servants the prophets.
Ezr 9:10  And now, O our God, what shall we say after this? For we have forsaken Your commandments
Ezr 9:11  which You have commanded by Your servants the prophets, saying, The land into which you go, to possess it, it is an unclean land with the impurity of the people of the lands, with their abominations with which they have filled it, from mouth to mouth with their uncleanness.

Zec 7:11  But they refused to listen, and gave a stubborn shoulder, and they made their ears heavy from hearing.
Zec 7:12  And they made their heart adamant from hearing the Law and the Words which YHWH of Hosts has sent by the former prophets through His Spirit. And great wrath was from YHWH of Hosts.

The Testimony of Yahshua/Jesus is the Spirit of prophecy, hence the Testimony of Yahshua (the New Testament) is the Word.
Rev 19:10  And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said unto me, See thou do it not: I am thy fellowservant, and of thy brethren that have the testimony of Jesus: worship God: for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

The Words of the Prophets and The Gospels come forth from the Spirit of Messiah
1Pe 1:10  About which salvation the prophets sought out and searched out, prophesying concerning the grace for you,
1Pe 1:11  searching for what, or what sort of time the Spirit of Christ made clear within them; testifying beforehand of the sufferings belonging to Christ, and the glories after these.
1Pe 1:12  To whom it was revealed that not to themselves, but to us they ministered the same things, which now were announced to you by those having preached the gospel to you in the Holy Spirit sent from Heaven; into which things angels long to look into.

Paul equates the Gospel as the WORD OF GOD.
1Th 2:9  For, brothers, you remember our labor and toil, night and day, working in order not to put a burden on any one of you, we proclaimed to you the gospel of God.
1Th 2:13  For this cause also thank we God without ceasing, because, when ye received the word of God which ye heard of us, ye received it not as the word of men, but as it is in truth, the word of God, which effectually worketh also in you that believe.

Isaiah prophesied that the disciples of Messiah would bind up or complete the Word.

Isa 8:16  Bind up the Testimony, seal the Law among My disciples.

The Word was delivered to the Apostles

Luk 1:1  Since many took in hand to draw up an account concerning the matters having been borne out among us,
Luk 1:2  as those from the beginning delivered to us, becoming eye-witnesses and ministers of the Word,

Messiah said He would send scribes that would be persecuted by unbelieving Jews.  This is because they were scribes writing the TaNaKH as well as the New Testament.

Mat 23:34  Because of this, behold, I send to you prophets and wise ones and scribes. And some of them you will kill and crucify, and some of them you will flog in your synagogues and will persecute from city to city;
Mat 13:52  And He said to them, Because of this, every scribe schooled to the kingdom of Heaven is like a man, a master of a house, who puts forth out of his treasure new and old.

The Scriptures allude that Peter was in charge of putting the New Testament Scriptures together before his death.

2Pe 1:12  For this reason I will not neglect to cause you to remember always concerning these things, though you know and have been confirmed in the present truth.
2Pe 1:13  But I deem it right, so long as I am in this tabernacle, to stir you up by a reminder,
2Pe 1:14  knowing that the putting off of my tabernacle is soon, as indeed our Lord Jesus Christ made clear to me.
2Pe 1:15  And I will also be diligent to cause you always to have memory of these things after my departure.
2Pe 1:16  For we have not followed cunningly devised fables, when we made known unto you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but were eyewitnesses of his majesty.
2Pe 1:17  For he received from God the Father honour and glory, when there came such a voice to him from the excellent glory, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.
2Pe 1:18  And this voice which came from heaven we heard, when we were with him in the holy mount.
2Pe 1:19  We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts:
2Pe 1:20  Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.
2Pe 1:21  For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.
2Pe 3:1  This second epistle, beloved, I now write unto you; in both which I stir up your pure minds by way of remembrance:
2Pe 3:2  That ye may be mindful of the words which were spoken before by the holy prophets, and of the commandment of us the apostles of the Lord and Saviour:

The apostle John finalized the Scriptures

Rev 22:18  For I testify together with everyone hearing the Words of the prophecy of this Book, if anyone adds to these things, God will add upon him the plagues having been written in this Book.
Rev 22:19  And if anyone takes away from the Words of the Book of this prophecy, God will take away his part from the Book of Life, and out of the holy city, and of the things having been written in this Book.

The Bible defines Paul’s writings as Scripture
2Pe 3:15  And account that the longsuffering of our Lord is salvation; even as our beloved brother Paul also according to the wisdom given unto him hath written unto you;
2Pe 3:16  As also in all his epistles, speaking in them of these things; in which are some things hard to be understood, which they that are unlearned and unstable wrest, as they do also the other scriptures, unto their own destruction. {As also the OTHER Scripture…Peter spoke of Shaul’s writings as Scripture.}
2Pe 3:17  Ye therefore, beloved, seeing ye know these things before, beware lest ye also, being led away with the error of the wicked, fall from your own stedfastness.

Paul quotes the Messiah’s words as Scripture.  Paul believed the New Testament is Scripture and quotes from the Gospels.

1Ti 5:18  For the Scripture says, “You shall not muzzle an ox treading out grain {Deu. 25:4) ,” and, the laborer is worthy of his pay. (Matthew 10:10)
Mat 10:10  nor provision bag for the road, nor two tunics, nor sandals, nor staves. For the worker is worthy of his food.
Luk 10:7  And remain in the same house, eating and drinking the things shared by them; for the laborer is worthy of his hire. Do not move from house to house.

Messiah states that His Words are Scripture
Joh 18:9  (that the Word might be fulfilled which He said, “Of those whom You gave to Me, I lost not one of them).”

This is referring to John 17:12

Joh 17:12  While I was with them in the world, I kept them in Your name; I guarded those whom You gave to Me, and not one of them was lost, except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled.

Paul defined the Gospel as the Word.  The Gospel = the Word.

Rom 10:9  Because if you confess the Lord Jesus with your mouth, and believe in your heart that God raised Him from the dead, you will be saved.
Rom 10:10  For with the heart one believes unto righteousness, and with the mouth one confesses unto salvation.
Rom 10:11  For the Scripture says, “Everyone believing on Him will not be put to shame.” Isa. 28:16
Rom 10:12  For there is no difference both of Jew and of Greek, for the same Lord of all is rich toward all the ones calling on Him.
Rom 10:13  For everyone, “whoever may call on the name of the Lord will be saved.” Joel 2:32
Rom 10:14  How then may they call on One into whom they have not believed? And how may they believe One of whom they have not heard? And how may they hear without preaching?
Rom 10:15  And how may they preach if they are not sent? Even as it has been written, “How beautiful” “the feet of those preaching the gospel of peace, of those preaching the gospel of good things.” Isa. 52:7
Rom 10:16  But not all obeyed the gospel, for Isaiah says, “Lord, who has believed our report?” Isa. 53:1
Rom 10:17  Then faith is of hearing, and hearing through the Word of God.

The New Testament was written so that man might believe in Messiah and have life in His Name.
Joh 20:31  But these have been written that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, and that believing you may have life in His name.

Messiah stated that it is through the Word given to the Apostles that following generations would believe
Joh 17:20  And I do not pray concerning these only, but also concerning those who will believe in Me through their word;

Hopefully I have shared enough Scripture to prove my point.  The Bible defines the New Testament as Scripture.  Since the Bible defines the New Testament as Scripture then the claims that the Scriptures make about itself can be applied to the New Testament.

Blessing2

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One comment on “Triennial Torah Portion

  1. Pingback: The weekly reading schedule - Christian Forums

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